139th Birth Anniversary of Sarojini Naidu- ‘Nightingale of India’


Sarojini Naidu, the ‘Nightingale of India’ was an exemplary lady. She was the first woman Governor of free India. She was a freedom fighter who took part in National Movement and became a follower of Mahatma Gandhi. She was a renowned orator and accomplished poet. She was second woman president of the Indian National Congress. It is her 139th birth anniversary. Know more about her.

Her Life
She was born on 13th February 1879 a Bengali Hindu family at Hyderabad. Being a very bright student, her father wanted her to be a mathematician or scientist but she was more attracted to poetry. She had passed her matriculation examination from Madras and had done her college from London and Cambridge.

She was married to Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu and settled down in Hyderabad. This was inter-caste marriage that happened with the support of the family. The couple had four children.

Sarojini Naidu
image credit: obituarytoday

Her political career
Sarojini Naidu entered Indian politics after the partition of Bengal in 1905. She had come in touch of Gopal Krishna Gokhale. During that time, she was introduced to Mahatma Gandhi. She had met Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, C. P. Ramaswami Iyer and Muhammad Ali Jinnah. She also helped in establishing the Women’s Indian Association (WIA) in 1917. She had also travelled India as well as abroad and served an important role in struggle of Independence.

Her first book was ‘The Golden Threshold’ published in 1905. On 2nd March 1949, she died of cardiac arrest in Lucknow. There are many colleges and institutes in her name.