Shivaji Maharaj was an Indian warrior who belonged to Maratha clan. He was the founder of the Maratha Empire in western India. He was born on 19 February 1630 in the hill-fort of Shivneri in Pune district. He was born to Shahaji Bhonsle and Jijabai. His father was a Maratha general while his mother was the daughter of Lakhujirao Jadhav of Sindkhed. As his mother had prayed to local deity goddess Shivai for healthy child so he had been named Shivaji. At the age of 15, he had acquired fort Torna.
Also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, his military tactics and pioneering unconventional methods had made him to defeat powerful enemies. He was the owner of great administrative skills. Shivaji was very close to his mother Jijabai. She had instilled in him a strict sense of right and wrong. In 1640, he was married to Saibai Nimbalkar.
He was a secular king. In his reign, women were respected. In fact, he made sure that the women of captured territories were left unharmed. He was also against the Jizya tax imposed by Aurangzeb on Hindus and protested that.
He was also a threat to Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. He was emerging strong and expanding the roots of Maratha clan. He had also signed the Treaty of Purandar with Mughals but later on it did not work out. Shivaji held many titles like Shakakarta, Kshatriya Kulavantas and Haindava Dharmodhhaarak. At the age of 52, Shivaji fell ill with fever and dysentery and died.
Celebrations on his birth anniversary
Pune unit of the BJP has planned various programmes to mark the birth anniversary of Shivaji. From 19th February to 4th March, the lecture series on his achievements will be held.