After Diwali, comes the festival of ‘Bhai Dooj’ which signifies the love and bonding of a brother towards his sister. Hindus celebrate this special relation twice a year with the Raksha Bandhan & Bhai Dooj.
Bhai Dooj is also known as Bhai Phota(in Bengal) , Bhau Beej(Karnataka, Goa, Maharastra & Gujrat) & Bhai Tika (in Nepal).
As per Hindu mythology, Yama and Yami were the twin children of Sun God. Both his children were mortals. As Yama was the first man created on earth, he had to die first. Yami was devastated as he lost her brother. She cried for days seeing the dead body of Yama. Moved by her sorrow, the Gods made Yama, the deity of death.
Before Yama took the charge as the god of death, Yami blessed him with aarti and tilak. This day when Yama became the god of death is celebrated as Bhai Dooj.
Another story behind this festival is, on this day Lord Krishna visited his sister Subhadra after defeating Narkasur, the demon.
There is still a ton of things which you don’t know about the festival of Bhai Dooj:
Bhai means brother and Dooj is the second day after new moon. Hence, Bhai Dooj is celebrated on the second day after new moon every year.
It is celebrated on the Shukla Paksha of the Kartik month i.e., on the 5th day of the five-day-long festival of Diwali.
In Nepal, it is second most important festival after Vijaya Dashmi.
According to the Jain community, on this day Lord Mahavir, the twenty fourth Teerthankar, attained Moksha.
This festival shows responsibility of a brother towards his sister. The brother promises to protect his sister from all kinds of troubles.
In south part of the country, the day is celebrated as Yama Dwitiya.
Bhai Dooj also comes on the second day of the Vikrami Samvat New Year, the calendar followed in Northern India, which starts from the lunar month of Kartik. The first day of this New Year is observed as Govardhan Puja.