Chandra Shekhar Azad Martyrs Day: Legendary freedom fighter who vowed never to be captured alive

Chandra ShekharAzad

The freedom of India is the result of contribution of innumerable lives. These people not only fought valiantly for India’s Independence but also sacrificed their lives. These people had their names etched in the history of India forever. One of such names is of Chandra Shekhar Azad. Today is his martyr day.

Born on July 23, 1906 in Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh, he was born as Chandra Shekhar Tiwari. He was born to Pandit Sita Ram Tiwari and Jagrani Devi. Azad had completed his schooling from Madhya Pradesh and then went to the Sanskrit Pathashala at Varanasi.

In December 1921, he had become part of Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement. He was very young at that time. He was arrested and produced before court. During this incident, Chandra Shekhar called himself Azad. After this, he became famous as Azad. He was very efficient in disguising himself so he used this art to escape the dragnet of British in pre-independence India. As he had showed his real look so only his one original picture is available to the world.

Chandra Shekhar Azad
image credit: kalamfanclub

He had become famous for his involvement in the Kakori Train Robbery and assassination of JP Saunders at Lahore (to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai). He had also attempted to blow up the Viceroy’s train.

On February 23, 1931, police surrounded Azad at Alfred Park, Allahabad. He had found it difficult to run away and decided to kill himself. With his vow to never be captured alive, Azad shot himself.

His efforts for freedom of India will always be remembered. It is because of Azad and many other freedom fighters we are enjoying this liberty.



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