Prostate Cancer Causes and Diagnosis

Prostate Cancer Causes and Diagnosis

The prostate is part of male reproductive system, which helps in the production and storing of seminal fluid. In adult male, a typical prostate is about 3 centimeter long and weighs around 20 grams. It is located in the pelvis, under the urinary bladder and in front of rectum.

A number of study reveals that about 80% of men in their 80’s have prostate when they die, but a very few of them are aware of it. In this article we have tried to portray possible Causes of Prostate Cancer, Precaution and its Prevention & Cure.

prostate cancer prevention
Image caption: blogs.nature.com

Causes of Prostate Cancer

It would be very biased, to point out one reason as a cause of prostate cancer, doctors know that it begins when some cells in prostate becomes abnormal. Abnormal mutations in DNA cause the cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal. Due to the process number of normal cells reduces and abnormal cells form a tumor. Besides this there are many unproved reasons such as older age, family history of prostate or breast cancer, obesity and so on.

What is Prostate Cancer – An Overview 

Prostate Cancer, also known as carcinoma of the prostate, is basically development of cancer in the prostate. Generally these types of cancers are slow growing; however some are relatively fast. In this cancer cells may spread over other parts of the body, which may include bone and lymph nodes. This type of cancer may not show any symptoms in initial stages; while in later stages may cause difficulty in urinating, blood in urine, or pain in pelvis. Other late symptoms can include feeling tired, due to low count of Red Blood cells (RBCs).

Since the disease is related to male reproductive system, it is found only among the men. This is a second most common type of cancer and fifth leading cause of death out of cancer globally. In 2012 it affected around 1 million men and resulted in death of more than 3 lacs. Factually it is the most common cancer in males in 84 countries across the globe.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

The prostate cancer does not have any symptoms in early days usually, except on a very few occasions. It is generally related with urinary dysfunction as the prostate gland surrounds the prostatic urethra, therefore it directly affects urinary functions. The vas deferens deposits seminal fluid into the prostatic urethra and secretions from prostate gland itself, including semen content. It may also cause problems with sexual function and performance, such as difficulty in achieving erections or painful ejaculations.

Advanced prostate cancer can spread over other body parts, causing additional symptoms. Some among them are bone pain, often in the vertebrae, pelvis or ribs.

Diminishing the Risk of Prostate Cancer

If you are thinking that “Not You” or “Your Family”, then give it a second thought. Although prostate cancer is rare among the men below 45 years but it is always better to get diagnosed. As early detection of cancer can be life saving. Eat a balanced diet; this alone can prevent you from the risk of having cancer. Ensure that fruits and vegetables are part of your daily diet along with whole grains. Always avoid high-fat foods such as meat and whole-fat dairy products. Even regular exercise can also take you through as weight maintenance can lower the risk of prostate cancer, as per recent  studies. Aim to integrate 30 minutes of workout in your daily routine.

 Prevention and Cure of Prostate Cancer

Most of the cases can be safely followed with active observation and watchful waiting. The other treatment would include combination of surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy or chemotherapy, but these are applicable only if the cancer is inside prostate. If it has spread over the body parts like bones, in such cases pain medications, bisphosphonates and targeted therapy can be useful. However, the outcomes depend on individual’s age and other health related problems, along with how aggressive and extensive the cancer is.

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